Black Pete – Blackface alive and well

For last couple of months I have been studying in beautiful country of the Netherlands and I absolutely love it. The people, the culture and the architecture it is all so amazing and I would definitely  recommend this as a wonderful country to live in.  When one moves to a new country you immediately become subject to a whole new world of traditions. And as it is the holiday season I thought I would talk about a rather unique one.  Sinterklass.

Sinterklaas means Sint Klaas, or Saint Nicholas in English. On December 5th, Dutch families get together and exchange gifts. If the family has young children, Sinterklaas himself brings the presents to the door or through the chimney, usually in secrecy  or it’s done by one or more of his helpers.

On the surface this sounds like a wonderful tradition and nothing too different from Santa and his elves.  However, this Dutch tradition is rather problematic  and has recently been getting a lot of attention for the helpers in the story known as Black Pete.

 When Sinterklaas comes to Holland on his steamship from Spain in November, he brings along his cheeky helpers which then give out candies to the children 

Over the years Black Pete has gotten darker and darker ( they first started as Southern Europeans) and the story later developed that they were slaves .  As such, it is very common for the ‘Dutchies’ to dress up in traditional clothes and paint their face black. Many people have brushed this off saying that the dark skin is from the chimneys they climb down to, bring in the presents. But obviously this is not acceptable.  Why?  Other from the fact that ‘slaves’ are used to bring people presents it clearly is a use of Black face and deeply rooted in racism.

Black face occurred in the 19th century in the entertainment industry. It consisted of white actors having to play immensely offensive stock characters of black people with their face painted black, curly wigs and drawn on huge lips.

This was done with the sole purpose of mocking features of those of black African descent  and mannerisms  as they were consider inferior, ugly and in many cases animalistic. This huge level of ignorance was prominent everywhere and a various number of popular musical hall/ movie  characters were created like the Minstrels, Pickanianny, Jim Crow and Zip Coon. In the coming of the 20th century characters were toned down but still black roles were give to white actors as the thought of black people being in televised entertainment was out of the question.  All of these characters have played a huge part in propagating racial stereotypes that are still very prevalent today.

In short black face has a long deep-rooted history in the mocking and oppression of  black people and is very offensive and not acceptable for any one to do under any circumstances.Halloween costumes of your favourite rapper included.

20151020_160555 (1)delft_2036_423189image.adapt.960.high.black_peter_02bthL5WRMMNBzwarte_pieten

Local Input~ UNDATED -- DUTCH CHRISTMAS TOY -- Sint Nicholas and Zwarte Piet the helper to Sinterklaas (AKA: Dutch Santa Claus , Saint Nicholas ) - zwarte piet is also known as Black Piet Black Peter Black Pete / Fisher-Price

 

Black Pete despite being a  what the Dutch may call an innocent family tradition has clearly got some racist roots,  and with all honestly make me feel very uncomfortable as a black women to  be confronted  by this image splattered around everywhere from books to chocolates.  And I’m not the only one that has a problem with this, there have been several human right court cases that have  demanded  the removal  of the character suggesting that it infringes on human rights of black people. Multiple anti racist movements and protest have been occurring calling for the end of Black Pete. Even the UN has expressed its concerns about the tradition ( click here to read the article).

epa04491094 Participants where T-shirts denouncing Black Pete as racist take part in a demonstration, Gouda, The Netherlands, 15 November 2014. According to local reports controversy over the racial sensitivity of the traditional companion to Saint Nicolas, Black Pete, led to demonstrations in the Dutch town as children performed the traditional welcoming of Saint Nicolas, where some participants scuffled with police. EPA/REMKO DE WAAL
Participants where T-shirts denouncing Black Pete as racist take part in a demonstration, Gouda, The Netherlands, 15 November 2014.

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From speaking to the  Dutch people it is very clear that the majority of people don’t see this is as a race issue or have never even begun to see it as a problem.  In fact race as a whole is not nearly discussed in my opinion as much as it is in other countries  like the UK or the USA. The fact of the matter is the Netherlands like a lot of other nations  does have a horrid colonial past that can not just be erased, yet many Dutchmen seem to be in denial about a lot of racial issues . It may be a hard  pill to swallow but in 2015 it is in no way acceptable for this to be allowed.

As always I would love to hear your thoughts and opinions on the matter so leave comments below x

 

 

 

 

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